Nearly 27,000 new cases were recorded in 2015. But estimates remain unclear as there is no obligation to declare Lyme disease. The figure has tripled in the space of twelve years. But is this strong increase due to the increase in infections or a better diagnosis of doctors?
Hard to answer.
To better understand the extent of the problem, a public inquiry was launched. An interactive map, posted on the Tiques France website , allows you to view the location of the tick. To do this, simply click on your department. However, this card is only indicative. You can feed it by completing a form.
Here are the results of their interactive map:
Among the most affected regions: Alsace, Lorraine, Ile-de-France, Lower Normandy, Aquitaine, Rhône-Alpes and Midi-Pyrenees. More generally, the forested areas are the most concerned, but the cases identified by the seaside or in the high mountains are more numerous.
To protect yourself, protect yourself with covering clothes, especially if you walk in the forest. A hat will not be too much because ticks can fall trees. When you return home, check thoroughly! Remember to look at the scalp, the back of the ears, the armpits, the folds of the knees and even the genitals. If you spot it, remove it as soon as possible with some precautions.
But sometimes parasites pass through the cracks, despite your vigilance. A tick may fall after biting you for example. In addition, his bite is painless and does not necessarily leave a trace, which complicates his diagnosis. A red plaque with fever may appear between 3 and 30 days after infection but it is not automatic. Affected individuals also suffer from neurological, joint and muscular disorders. Small in size, this parasite can do great damage.
Keep in mind that not all ticks carry the bacterium Borrelia, which is responsible for the infection. But in case of doubt, do not hesitate to get closer to a health professional. If Lyme disease is diagnosed in time, it can be treated with antibiotics.
What to do in case of tick bite?
Unleash the ticks
After a walk in a park or forest, the first thing to do is to check that no tick has caught on you. It is advisable to remove it as soon as possible (and especially its head) to prevent infection. Health Insurance, via, advises “to thoroughly inspect your entire body for ticks.” Look well at your scalp, underarms, and genitals.
Do not apply any products
If you detect ticks, do not apply ether or other products to the pests. Indeed, ticks could regurgitate and release the bacteria present in their saliva.
How to remove the tick?
Dr. Jean-Paul Marre, of the Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital in Paris, describes two ways of doing things on the specialized site.
⇒ Using a tick-pull (available in a pharmacy), grasp the insect as close to the skin as possible and pull gently but firmly. To avoid breaking the mouthpiece, make circular movements.
⇒ After disinfecting tweezers, catch the tick’s head flush with the skin. Take care to remove the entire tick, without squeezing the abdomen to avoid excretion of bacteria.
Finish by thoroughly disinfecting the bite with an antiseptic or modified alcohol.
What if the head is still implanted?
“If you have not managed to remove all the rostrum (the mouthpiece) the first time, do not start again and do not try to complete the extraction,” warns the site In this case, do not hesitate go to a pharmacist who can help you.
How do I know if I am contaminated?
Lyme disease occurs within 3 to 30 days after the bite. That’s why it’s important to be vigilant throughout this period. In case of contamination, an inflammatory red plaque appears around the point of the bite and gradually spreads. It can be accompanied by fever. Do not hesitate to contact your doctor if in doubt because it is a symptom of the disease.
Namely : a small red plaque can appear within 24 hours after the bite. This reaction is due to the saliva of the tick but does not necessarily mean that there has been contamination.
►When is it absolutely necessary to consult a doctor?
– if you are pregnant
– if your child is under 8 years old.
– if a red plaque occurs around an old sting.
– if the tick remains implanted more than 36 hours
– if you have multiple bites
– if the tick was full of blood at the time of extraction.
– if you are taking immunosuppressive therapy
To avoid any risk of infection, it is better to protect yourself from ticks. For this, wear long and loose clothes and think of skin repellents on the exposed parts.