If you want to filter the air in your home, you do not need to buy expensive electric air purifiers. The air can be filtered with the right plants. Common houseplants can provide a valuable weapon in combating rising levels of indoor air pollution.
The plant that will help eliminate toxins from your home and is considered a bomb of oxygen is Aloe Vera.
It is an easy to maintain plant that eradicates polluting chemicals found in cleaning products. It purifies the air by absorbing carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and formaldehyde.
In addition, when harmful chemicals are at a high level in your home, the plant will develop brown spots to keep you informed.
Aloe Vera emits oxygen also at night while simultaneously taking carbon dioxide – we naturally produce it when we exhale. It is a plant that makes photosynthesis CAM type. These plants absorb CO2 during the night. However, there is no more oxygen produced (Ref: 4)
You can also use the ficus.
This plant does not require a lot of light and purifies the air very well. Be careful with this plant, do not leave it near children and pets as its leaves are poisonous.
Ivy is another plant known for its ability to purify the air, it is a real bomb of oxygen. It is one of the best plants to purify the air because it absorbs formaldehyde. Ivy also improves symptoms of allergies or asthma. Be careful with this plant because it is toxic to animals and children, so try to keep it out of their reach.
Chlorophyton hairy is one of the first 3 types of houseplants that are excellent for removing formaldehyde by NASA. It is able to absorb toxins from the air – formaldehyde, styrene, and carbon monoxide.
Tarragon is also a bomb of oxygen, it is almost indestructible. It helps eliminate toxins and you will not run out of oxygen with this plant in your home. It improves the purity of the air. It also promotes digestion, reduces colic and constipation. It should not be confused with Russian tarragon which forms odorless bushes. The leaves are gathered as and when needed, before the plant branched too much.
Attention in the house. Some plants are poisons for cats, especially ficus. Check first the list of toxic plants for cats!
To clean up your home even more, think about airing it every day.
It is the bioenergetic process by which the plant feeds. More precisely, it is the production of carbonaceous matter and carbohydrates by plants from water (and the mineral salts it contains) and the carbon dioxide contained in the air which they can fix thanks to the chlorophyll, using sunlight as a source of energy. From this it can be deduced that the nutrient requirements of the plant are carbon dioxide in the air, water and soil minerals. Plants are called autotrophs for carbon. An important consequence is the release of oxygen molecules (O2).
At night, photosynthesis is suspended, but the plant breathes continuously day and night. Over 24 hours, the production of carbon dioxide from breathing is less important than that of dioxygen from photosynthesis during the day. This is how we can say that the plant produces oxygen (O2)
It is also important to know that plants also consume oxygen and produce CO2. Photosynthesis captures solar energy and transforms it into chemical energy (sugars = carbon chain). Plants use these sugars as energy during cellular respiration. This requires oxygen and produces CO2. (Ref: 5)
Plants can act as real purification plants against the 11 pollutants of indoor air that have been identified by the French Agency for Sanitary Safety of the Environment and Labor (AFSSET).
These pollutants encountered are most often released by household products, new furniture, building materials or gas or oil-burning appliances:
- formaldehyde, which is one of the most common pollutants and emanates from insulation foams, carpet glue, glued wood, etc.
- volatile organic compounds (VOCs)
- benzene which is a solvent found in paints, inks, plastics or some detergents.