The first mission of agriculture is not to produce but to feed, which is very different. Famous for his commitment to a consumption ethic respectful of man and planet, the agronomist predicts rapid chaos if this form of growth persists. A cry of alarm of a frigid lucidity.
Earth. There are words that are sufficient for themselves to describe the real. Here! Cultivable soil and the planet, with a capital difference, bear the same name. We should be more attentive to these kinds of symbols. But the earth is dying. Despite the suspicion evoked by the evidence, whether retro, rancid or reactive, our world has reached a pivotal stage where, failing to submit, the powers that govern our destinies will have to disappear. Neither God, nor Caesar, nor tribune, emblematic figure of a human conscience engraved in the values of biodiversity, Pierre Rabhi summarizes through a simple and clear message, as it has never been said until now, a situation that does not suffer, alas, no controversy: if we do not preserve what remains of the thin layer of arable land of about forty centimeters to which we owe life, the human race will disappear . A layer of land that is not only nurturing, but which, since prehistoric times, has conditioned the social, political and cultural evolution of humanity. “It is to this Mother Earth that we owe the birds of the sky, the beauty of the flowers, the majesty of the trees, the auroras, the twilights that we can admire, and all that nourishes our interior universe in these times of drought of spirits and souls “, announces Pierre Rabhi in the foreword of Agroecology, an ethics of life, which he publishes in the form of an interview with this other eminent agronomist Jacques Caplat. And to clarify: “With the era of technoscience, heavy industry, productivity and the unlimited machandisation of everything that can have value, we no longer see in the earth, plants, animals , that a source of financial profit. With standardized seeds, degenerative, non-reproducible, genetically modified, patented, chemical fertilizers, synthetic pesticides, monoculture, over-irrigation, intensive machinery, a deadly process is already well underway. “
“MODERN AGRICULTURE HAS SERIOUSLY DETERMINED THE PHYSICAL, BIOLOGICAL, ENERGY INTEGRITY OF THE NOURISHING LAND. “But Pierre Rabhi supports where it hurts, targeting the real culprit of this calamity, the pugnacity of the neoliberal system to constantly surpass itself:” Agriculture has not escaped the ideology of productivism that characterizes the an obsession with growth that is nothing but human greed erected as a principle of existence on the entire planet. Following the processes and mechanisms inspired by the law of the market and unlimited profit, modern agriculture has seriously undermined the physical, biological, and energetic integrity of the nourishing land. “
Enumerating the scourges resulting from this financialization of the resource, the philosopher points out the devastating effects of this logic: “The economic, ecological and social record, far from being positive, is dramatic: the destruction of humus, soil and soil. life, water pollution, loss of animal and plant domestic biodiversity, loss of real farmers, their know-how and culture, devitalization of rural areas, advanced desertification, manipulation and patenting of seeds … Moreover this mode of agricultural production proves to be the most expensive, vulnerable and dependent on the entire history of agriculture. With industry-inspired practices, more than 15,000 l of drinking water is needed to produce 1 kg of meat. It takes about 2 t of oil to make 1 t of fertilizer and up to 10 calories of energy to get a single food calorie. This is where this stubborn operation of transferring the maximum amount of human energy to industry, producing with the minimum of farmers, leads. The earth is alive and therefore can not undergo any violent exactions without serious consequences for future generations. “
Optimization of resources
At this rate of havoc, it is neither a meteorite that will sound the knell of civilization nor a gigantic climatic chaos caused by it, but the decline of nourishing resources by overconsumption overproduction. The world authorities can always panic by summoning peaks of good conscience where everyone agrees to pay his donation, the process is set to the limit of the irreversible if a decided hand does not support without delay on the light switch. On this issue Pierre Rabhi is formal: “The current stalemate, which goes far beyond the agricultural issue, is confirmed by all possible indicators and can cause a feeling of helplessness. The perspective of our extinction goes more and more clearly in the list of probabilities. Humankind could destroy the planet, but the most likely is that nature will survive us because it does not need us. “Once this prediction is acquired, the humanist agronomist launches a formidable challenge by proposing a remedy for this disaster. diagnosis: agroecology . This concept combines agronomy with ecology, that is to say the work of the earth in respect of the environment. More than a program and a method, more than a process and a vision, agroecology is an ethics of life. Without going into the arcana of this ethic, and summarizing to the extreme, it claims to feed humanity by avoiding the industrialization of the earth by an optimization of resources from the assets of a sustainable agriculture today forgotten. Initiated, engaged, involved in this experience, master in dialectic, designer practices, Rabhi decrypts the main lines of agroecology in his interview with Jacques Caplat.
A SMALL MAGISTRAL WORK AND FOUNDER THAT SHOULD BE DISTRIBUTED IN THE FACS AND SCHOOLS.Here are some elements: “Based on a set of techniques inspired by natural processes such as composting, non-inversion of the soil, use of vegetable purines, plant associations, the use of free seeds, reproducible and transmissable from generation to generation [now governed by totalitarian and anti-liberal regulations], etc., it allows people to reclaim autonomy, safety and health while regenerating and preserving their nourishing heritages to transmit them alive, and even improved, to the following generations. “And the humble peasant in Ardèche to continue by legitimizing the phenomenon:” Even the great international institutions, after having neglected it, disabled or recovered, recognize its power and relevance today. “Proof of this is that, by In December 2014, the French Parliament adopted the integrated agroecology program by Stéphane Le Foll in its future law for agriculture. Here is, succinctly explained, what tells this little masterful and founding work that should be distributed in the facs and schools. He has something messianic about him. He even has a bit of a mouth.