It is one of the frequent and non-contagious skin diseases, it evolves by outbreaks, and can be of allergic, acute or chronic form. Allergic eczema (“atopic dermatitis”) often begins in childhood, especially in young people who are genetically predisposed to allergies.
It is often associated with other so-called “atopic” pathologies such as asthma, conjunctivitis, rhinitis or food allergy, etc. Symptoms vary by form, but are often manifested by red patches, itching, scabs on the surface of the skin, small blisters (vesicles), and dry skin. (source)
- This pathology is the 2nd skin condition after acne. In France, it affects 2.5 million patients and 15% of babies.
- The French Association of Eczema offers conferences to professionals and workshops to the general public to learn how to live better with this disease.
- Clothes, showers, massages, bathing, what to care about when we are concerned by this disease or have children who suffer from it?
“Our skin is very capricious,” says Stéphanie Merhand founder of the French Association of Eczema. This skin disease affects 2.5 million French …
She described it this way: “It is an inflammatory disease of skin where the immune system over-reacts: the skin is thus dry, red, with edema and itching. But it’s not just scrap! This disease has important impacts on the life of a couple, family, everyday. A pathology linked to both genetic factors and the environment.
Not easy to stop a child from scratching
“But the more we rub the plates, the more we risk superinfection,” says Anne-Claire Fougerousse, dermatologist. Who insists: “a child who suffers from eczema can do all the activities he wants”. Better still inform the nursery or school and develop a specific support. “But above all, it must be remembered that this disease is not contagious! “Resumes the physician member of Resoeczema, which brings together dermatologists.
Another tip that can help: turn the moment of care into a hug. “When the skin is very damaged, the cream may sting and anyway children get tired quickly, recognizes Stephanie Merhand. What is important is to take time, quiet, with soft music, in the child’s room. “
Because this skin disease, which mainly affects the hands and faces, may limit the physical contact so important for the little ones. “Even when the skin is raw, we can always make small circles on the back of his child who keeps his shirt, advises Stephanie. He must feel that he is also entitled to attention and tenderness despite this illness. “
On the hygiene side, it’s better to have your child in the shower every other day to limit contact with water, “between 32 and 34 degrees because the hot water tends to rekindle the fire under the skin,” he says. she. And dry the child with a cotton towel.
Good reflexes are to be repeated for adults.
“Eczema starts when you wake up with skin that is tight,” explains Stephanie, who has been suffering from this skin disease since she was 18 years old. So the urgency is to take a shower and then baste with moisturizer. “A reflex that must remain daily outside crises,” warns Anne-Claire Fougerousse.
The dressing step also requires precautions. First rule: prefer clothes in cotton or linen to prevent perspiration, enemy number one because it increases the itching. “And it’s good to multiply layers: rather than put a tank top and a big sweater, it’s better to choose a t-shirt, a shirt and a vest to avoid getting too hot,” suggests the patient. Similarly, limiting home heating is useful. Another tip: it is better to cut the labels as soon as you buy to avoid itching.
But the real ally of people suffering from this pathology is the cold, which relieves small itching. “Currently, with the hot weather, you can put her moisturizer or thermal water in the fridge, advises the president of the French association of eczema. Some members of the association even put their pajamas in the fridge! “
When is the crisis!
As soon as red and itchy patches appear, you should switch to cortisone cream for eight to ten days. Treatment that differs depending on the age of the patient and the area to be treated. Better to wait until evening to apply this cream.
“Because it can sometimes make clothes sticky, which is quite unpleasant during the day,” says Stephanie. This precaution will also protect your sleep because the itching intensifies in the evening.
“It’s important to react quickly to limit the damage,” says Anne-Claire Fougerousse. Given the waiting times for dermatologists, the patient must be autonomous and know how to react from the beginning of the crisis. I had a patient who waited a year with injuries to the feet and hands! The main problem for eczema is that less than 50% of patients apply the cream to cortisone. Many fear the side effects of cortisone. But this anti-inflammatory passes negligibly in the blood and side effects are very rare. “. Sometimes, these are more trivial questions that limit the proper application of treatment: not easy to smear alone the entire back …