The French deputies FINALLY adopted Thursday, December 17 a law to fight against the excessive thinness of mannequins, making mandatory a medical certificate and the mention “retouched photo” should now accompany any photo or photo book retouched.
The adopted text stipulates that the activity in question is subject to the issue of a medical certificate, which must certify that “the state of health of the manikin, evaluated in particular with regard to its body mass index, is compatible with the exercise of his profession “. Any violation of this article is punishable by six months imprisonment and a 75,000 euro fine.
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In the past, in a previous version of the text, a minimum body mass index (BMI) was imposed on the dummies. A proposal too simplistic that was not retained. From now on, the occupational physician regains a first-rate importance and his examination of the physical capacities of the models is deepened: morphology, sex, age, food history or the search for absence of menstruation are closely examined.
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Another measure thus ratified: an article stipulating that photographs of models whose body appearance has been modified “in order to refine or thicken the silhouette” must be accompanied by the words “Retouched photograph”.
In the same vein, a proposal aimed directly at the so-called “pro-ana” websites (pro-anorexia) about the incentive to excessive emaciation. A proposal finally removed from the bill.
Indeed, it had aroused a very hostile reaction from fashion professionals. But also from the associations of prevention and fight against eating disorders. Note that the offense could have been punishable by one year in prison and a fine of 10,000 euros. At the same time, Catherine Lemorton, socialist president of the Social Affairs Committee, insisted on this point, stressing that “a recent scientific study had shown that the authors of the websites targeted by this proposal themselves suffered from eating disorders” and that this might further weaken them if they were to be penalized so heavily.
Between 30 and 40,000 people, teenagers in 90% of cases, suffer from anorexia nervosa, one of the psychiatric pathologies with the highest mortality.