It has been several years since Costa Rica swears by renewable energy. Between January and October 2015, Costa Rica consumed “green” electricity at 98.7% of total consumption, of which 100% for 285 days …
The 5 million Costa Ricans are mainly supplied by hydroelectric dams already established, but also by geothermal energy, wind turbines, biomass, and solar panels.
Indeed, Costa Rica plans to build the El Diquis dam, which is the subject of much debate. To build it, you must submerge 7,000 hectares of land, a third of which is inhabited by an indigenous people called the Teribes.
Gilberto de la Cruz, director of dam planning explains that this situation is complex: “Estimated at two billion dollars, the future power plant of El Diquis, in the south of the country, will have a power of 650 MW in 2025, twice the Reventazon plant. But the site provokes the opposition of the Indian populations of the region, who will have to be consulted before launching the first bulldozers. In case of refusal, the country will probably have to import liquid natural gas to meet its growing needs. “