Gluten is a protein found in many grains such as wheat, barley, rye, oats, kamut or spelled. It is not easy therefore to miss out because it is the basis of our diet, especially in bread and pasta but also in pizzas, pastries, sauces, canned foods and most prepared dishes. It is therefore almost everywhere! A real torment for people who are intolerant about one in 300 people.
Gluten sensitivity or intolerance is a chronic inflammatory condition of the small intestine that causes a person to react after eating gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. Symptoms vary from person to person and may include gastrointestinal problems, swollen belly, joint pain, fatigue and depression. – WebMD
Wheat is a type of grain commonly found in breads, cereals and pasta. Less common sources include condiments such as salad dressings and soups. Barley is another abundant variety of cereals, which is often used for brewing and stocking animal feed. Rye is the last type of grain that uses gluten as an ingredient. Rye is most often found in cereals, beer and bread.
Celiac disease is a serious type of gluten intolerance. Classified as an autoimmune disease, celiac disease damages the small intestine. When those who have this disease consume gluten, it triggers an abnormal immune response that directly attacks the intestines. Damage to the gut eventually significantly diminishes the body’s ability to absorb nutrients properly. If not properly treated, celiac disease can lead to long-term health complications. It is estimated that 1 in 100 people suffer from this disease.
Those who are sensitive to gluten often find that their symptoms remain after the removal of gluten from their diet. That said, some symptoms exist regardless of gluten intolerance.
Here are the symptoms that are most often found in gluten intolerance:
1- Abnormal immune function
In case of gluten intolerance, IgA antibodies have a counter effect on the immune system. Present in the gastrointestinal tract and saliva, these antibodies are the body’s main response to colds, flu and other diseases. Obviously, when these same antibodies neutralize our immune system, we are much more likely to contract these diseases.
2- Confused brain
One of the most surprising symptoms of gluten intolerance, the confused brain, can also be subtle in nature. The confused brain can be one of the most enigmatic symptoms, simply because a number of things can cause it. However, it is a symptom frequently cited by people with gluten intolerance and / or celiac disease.
In an article titled Gluten Sensitivity as a Neurological Disease, published in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, researchers found abnormal reactivity to gluten in a class of antibodies called immunoglobulins (IgG). This reaction is believed to contribute to a decrease in cognitive performance.
3- Fatigue and exhaustion
This sign resembles the confused brain because the exact mechanisms remain a mystery. Scientific research has been conducted to examine the presumed correlation between fatigue / exhaustion and gluten intolerance. However, medical experts believe that gluten intolerance causes fatigue and exhaustion because of inflammation of the body’s energy reserves.
4- Headaches and migraines
Migraines are often excruciatingly painful headaches that can even be debilitating. Curiously, migraines are much more common in gluten intolerant people than in the general population. In a study on a gluten-sensitive group: 56 percent had chronic headaches or migraines. By comparison, only 14 percent of the control group reported chronic headaches or migraines.
5- Dental problems
In a study published in BMS Gastroenterology, a link was discovered between gluten intolerance and “stomatitis aphteuse”, a condition often linked to mouth ulcers and canker sores. In addition, because of malabsorption, gluten sensitive individuals often have very low levels of calcium – a mineral essential for oral health.
6- Joint and muscle pain
According to WebMD “Joint pain and inflammation are common symptoms of gluten sensitivity. And the research demonstrates the links between the two diseases. The Arthritis Foundation has also released findings that link arthritis to joint pain with gluten sensitivity.
7- Skin problems
The malabsorption properties of gluten intolerance affect a number of different areas of the body, including our larger organ. Gluten has been linked to acne, eczema and dermatitis herpetiformis (DH), since the malabsorption syndrome caused by gluten intolerance affects the skin. Cutaneous symptoms caused by gluten intolerance include redness, itching, burning, rash, and blistering.
8- Unexpected weight gain
Sudden, unexplainable weight gain is confusing for many gluten-intolerant people. In general, weight gain due to gluten intolerance results from two things: (1) malabsorption and intestinal permeability – two side effects of gluten intolerance, and (2) systemic inflammation, which is triggered by gluten. Gluten intolerant people who remove gluten from their diet often manage to regain a healthy level of weight.
Generally, it is recommended to favor fresh products. The following cereals are also allowed: rice, corn, millet, buckwheat, sorghum, quinoa, amaranth, teff and starchy plants such as cassava or potato … And fortunately, there are more and more products labeled without gluten in our supermarkets and even in some restaurants. What makes life easier for those who are intolerant.